At the 2012 Basel International Watch Fair, Blancpain launched an innovative Chinese calendar watch. I have researched other brand’s annual calendar institutions before, they are basically designed based on Julian calendar or Gregorian calendar. The so-called annual calendar watch means that this watch can automatically recognize the big and small months, that is to say, without you manually adjusting, the setting mechanism in the watch can automatically switch from 30th to 1 every small month (month with 30th day) Of course, the difference between an annual calendar organization and a perpetual calendar is that it cannot directly identify the real February, and only artificially recognize February as a small month on the 30th. However, the Chinese calendar watch launched by Blancpain completely broke the existing calendar watch model, and uniquely adopted the Chinese calendar for thousands of years to design. Before explaining this watch to everyone, we must understand the Chinese lunar calendar, which should be familiar, but perhaps unfamiliar.
According to legend, the lunar calendar was founded in the Xia Dynasty and perfected in the Han Dynasty. It has undergone 4,000 to 5,000 years of evolution. It must conform to the operation of the moon (Shuwang Moon) and the cycle of the year (return year). The included moon phases can also reflect the tide, eclipse and other astronomical phenomena and the influence of the moon on the climate; at the same time, it also contains 12 special calendars and 72 special solar calendars. It is a dual-track calendar that not only reflects the Chinese nation The traditional culture of harmony between man and nature is also one of the most scientific calendars in human history. Unlike the standard calendar (gregorian calendar), which uses the solar day as the basic unit, the traditional Chinese lunar calendar uses a yin-yang calendar system, which is based on a monthly cycle (29.53059 days) as the basic unit. A lunar year contains 12 lunar months (354.36707 days), which is about 11 days less than a solar year (365.242374 days). This is also the reason why there will be leap months in some years to meet the cycle of seasonal changes. Since each Chinese lunar month (including the leap month) begins on the day of the new moon, the month is 29 or 30 days long. The lunar year including the leap month is actually 13 months, which is longer than the solar calendar. On the contrary, the lunar year without the leap month is only 12 months, which is shorter than the solar year. The beginning of each lunar year is the Spring Festival, the most grand festival in China. Depending on the time of the crescent period of each relevant Chinese New Year, the average year of the lunar calendar may include 353, 354 or 366 days, while the leap year includes 383, 384 or 385 days.
With the apparent movement of the sun at the ecliptic, the ancients created a 19-year cycle called Changcycle, which consists of twelve flat years with 12 lunar months and seven quilts with 13 lunar months. A year called a leap year. If the years in long periods are numbered, the leap years are usually numbered 1, 4, 7, 10, 12, 15, and 18, and the remaining numbers are flat years. These years include an additional lunar month, which also has a lunar month period. It is called a ‘lean month’. This month is inserted between two ordinary months in an aperiodic position, which must depend on astronomy. Data, so each leap month is uncertain.
I have said the origin and regularity of the lunar calendar, and there is another thing that we must know: the lunar calendar is not identified by numbers, but by the combination of China’s unique Tiangandi to form a name for identification. Tiangan contains A, B, C, D, Wu, Ji, G, Xin, Ren, and Gui. The Earthly Branches include Zi, Ugly, Yin, Ji, Chen, Ji, Wu, Wei, Shen, Ji, Ji, Hai. The ten-day stem matches twelve earthly branches in order, starting from Jiazi and finally Guihai. Sixty years have just completed a cycle without repetition. Therefore, China has always used ‘one Jiazi’ to represent sixty years. The chronological methods of the Tiangan Earthly Branches, and the derived elements including the zodiac, the five elements of the yin and yang, constitute the core content of traditional Chinese culture.
The information displayed on the dial of the Chinese calendar watch, in addition to the hours, minutes and standard calendar indicated by the central hand, the other functions are to indicate the elements in the lunar calendar-the small dial at the 12 o’clock position is supported by the earth. The hour is displayed in the form of numbers and numbers (actually an evolution of the 24-hour indication); at 3 o’clock, the sky is displayed in a cycle of ten years, and we can also see the complementary relationship between the five elements and sky; At 9 o’clock, the indications about the lunar month, day and leap month are displayed; the moon phase display is located at the 6 o’clock position of the dial; above the dial indicating the hour, a small window displays the zodiac of the current year (on a 12-year cycle). Expressing the situation of the Earthly Branches, rats and ugly cows, I believe that all Chinese people have a clear connection with the Chinese zodiac.
Blancpain Chinese calendar watch front view
Blancpain Chinese Calendar
Red leap month display
Blancpain uses the red dot mechanism to display whether the current month is a leap month or not. The linkage lever mechanism includes a driving lever, a ejector lever and a lever spring. The top area of the left driving lever is painted in white and red. Red is below and white is above. This is what we can see through the 9-point round hole on the dial. Compressed by the side force of the rod spring. When the lunar calendar is a normal month, this mechanism will not affect the normal operation of the participating lunar calendar system. At this time, the round hole will always be displayed in white; if the next month comes, the wearer can use the quick adjustment mechanism to carry out the watch. Adjusted. Take this year as an example. This year is April, so two Aprils will appear in the lunar calendar. When the lunar calendar is displayed as the first April 30th, the watch will automatically jump to the first day of May in the lunar calendar. Because of the existence of April, just tap the seven-point hidden adjustment at this time, the lunar month display will jump back to April, and a small red dot display will appear to indicate the leap month, and the lunar date will not change. . When it reaches the first day of May again, the little red dot will disappear automatically, and the leap month instruction ends.
Blancpain Chinese calendar adjustment mechanism
Blancpain Chinese calendar leap year
Watch House Reviews
I explained Blancpain’s very innovative Chinese calendar watch for you in the previous article, but for our watch home editors, this watch was not developed by our Chinese people, and I deeply regret it. To be honest, the Chinese calendar watch designed by Swiss brand Blancpain is indeed very practical. The wearer can query the Chinese calendar by looking at the actual lunar calendar, especially the position of the lunar month, and using the 5 quick adjustment devices behind the watch. Adjust accurately. After the baptism of this watch, the wearer can have a stronger sense of interest in the lunar calendar and Chinese culture. Only by truly understanding our own long-term culture can we truly grasp the full fun of wearing this watch. The real meaning of this work is that it opens up a field of timepieces that has never been involved in the watch. Through the designer’s imagination, the 45mm dial truly realizes the fusion of Eastern and Western cultures in watch functions. And let us appreciate the brand-new interpretation of time by the art of watchmaking. I believe that with the tireless development of Blancpain watchmaking team, this Chinese lunar calendar watch that has attracted people’s attention around the world will also have a broader prospect.